by Dr. Ana B. Perianes
The aim of this virtual talk is to present the Global Peace Index (GPI) 2020 outputs, produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP). The GPI ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their level of peacefulness and presents comprehensive data-driven analysis to-date on trends in peace, its economic value and how to develop peaceful societies.
This presentation will include an analysis of the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on peace, including Positive Peace. It will examine how the impact of the pandemic, in particular its economic consequences, will increase the risk of severe deteriorations in Positive Peace over the next few years and also which countries are best placed to recover from the shock.
The study case of the Women, Peace and Security Agenda in its 20 anniversary is really important because gender equality and peace are very closely linked. The marginalisation that women suffer is especially severe in conflict-affected and postconflict contexts because they must face the structural discrimination they experience added to their situation as victims of armed violence.
The Women, Peace and Security Agenda has not led yet to significant results in its 20-year long existence. Moreover, it is particularly being affected by the implications of the COVID-19 outbreak because this pandemic is exacerbating gender inequality in conflict-affected settings, post-conflict and humanitarian crises contexts. In order to achieve gender equality and the Women, Peace and Security goals, it is essential to increase effective women´s social, political and economic empowerment at all levels of the decision-making processes through the engament of the whole of society and especially, the involvement of local communities.
Dr. Perianes is a Spanish Political Scientist, she holds a PhD in Peace and International Security and a University specialized degree in Mediterranean, Near and Middle Eastern Security. At present, she works as Postdoctoral Researcher on Peace, Security and Defense affairs at The University Institute General Gutiérrez Mellado-UNED in Madrid. Furthermore, she is an Associate Research Fellow at the OSCE Academy in Bishkek, where she is developing a research on Women, Peace and Security in Western and Central Asian Countries, an overview of the current situation and implications for women and societies. She is also a member of the Institute for Economics & Peace´s 2020 Cohort of Ambassadors Program. Regarding her fields of specialisation, she is particularly focused on Women, Peace and Security; EU Security and Defense; EU-Central Asia relations and the Belt and Road Initiative; US Foreign Policy; Sahel; human security; human rights and democratic governance.