Farkhod Aminjonov, Alina Abylkasymova, Anna Aimée, Bahtiyor Eshchanov, Daniyar Moldokanov, Indra Overland, Roman Vakulchuk
Along with financing hard infrastructure projects, Beijing also promotes soft power projects in the form of peopleto-people initiatives. However, such projects are low priority within the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in Central Asia. The Confucius Institutes, which appear to be an important vehicle for Chinese soft power in the region, are not directly linked to BRI and was launched before and independently of BRI.
Keywords: BRI, China, people-to-people exchange, soft power, Confucius Institute, Central Asia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
OSCE Academy / NUPI
Central Asia Data-Gathering and Analysis Team (CADGAT)
BRI in Central Asia: People-to-People Projects.pdf