Since February 2019, the OSCE Academy is a part of the project AGRUMIG (“Leaving something behind” – Migration governance and agricultural and rural change in “home” communities: Comparative experience from Europe, Asia, and Africa), funded by European Union’s Horizon 2020. There are country teams in the project. Kyrgyzstan’s team includes University of Central Asia (UCA) and Polis Asia Center; OSCE Academy is a key Policy
Dialogue Partner. The project is coordinated by School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), University of London.
AGRUMIG proposes an integrated approach to migration governance to address the two way relationship between labour mobilility and changes in agriculture and the rural sector. Migration creates challenges for rural ‘sending’ communities in low and middle income countries, yet it can also be transformative. AGRUMIG aims to engage in a comparative analysis of seven countries to analyze the economic, institutional, cultural and agro-ecological factors which shape these relationships. It will go on to identify the range of governance interventions which can harness migration to stimulate sustainable and gender equitable growth in agriculture and reduce the distress associated with migration. The project will firstly use a survey and participatory tools to explore the drivers of migration and the impacts on the agricultural/rural sector. A Qualitative Comparative Analysis will identify contexts through which unique relationships are realized. It will secondly engage with the policies and practices of diverse governance actors through dialogue, literature reviews and interviews to understand how they mediate the migration-agrarian/rural change interface. It will thirdly, engage in an iterative process of dialogue with stakeholders to identify frameworks for integrated migration governance which harness the positive impacts. A key contribution to the work programme is the identification of strategies to promote safe and regular migration through supporting change in sending regions. AGRUMIG will outline longer term evidence based governance solutions, supported by comparative analysis and tangible indicators, which are sensitive to the role of migration in larger livelihood systems as well as the contexts through which favorable impacts can be captured. It will analyze existing governance regimes to build upon, including labor treaties or EU partnership agreements, national migration or agrarian policies, overseas aid, or grassroots initiatives by diasporas or return.
A key contribution of the project is the identification of strategies that promote safer and more regular migration through supporting change in sending regions – establishing, in effect, a “positive migration” philosophy. AGRUMIG will outline longer term and more evidence-based governance solutions, supported by comparative analysis and tangible indicators that are sensitive to the position and role of migration within larger agro-livelihood systems. AGRUMIG will also analyze existing contexts and governance regimes on which future responses will need to build, including labor treaties and/or EU partnership agreements, national migration and/or agrarian policies, overseas aid policies and directions as well as initiatives taken at a more grassroots level by diasporas and/or returnees themselves.
SOAS University of London, UK
University of Birmingham, UK
International Water Management Institute, Sri Lanka
Universitaet Wien, Vienna
University of Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan
Institutul National de Cercetari Economice al Academiei de Stinte a Moldovei, Moldova
Univesita di Bologna, Italy
Université Mohammed V De Rabat, Morocco
Social Science Baha, Nepal
Raks Thai Foundation, Thailand
OSCE Academy In Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Arba Minch University, Ethiopia
Mekelle University, Ethiopia
Public Union Center Polis Asia, Kyrgyzstan
The Main Page of the AGRUMIG Project can be accessed here.